How to Grow Wheat in Your Garden and Make Your Own Flour (2022)

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Teaching kids where their food comes from is super important. You can grow wheat, grind it and make it into bread yourself. Wheat will grow right in your vegetable garden. Give it a try.

How to Grow Wheat

You wouldn’t believe what wheat means to me. I can’t tell you the memories I have of planting it, harvesting, taking it to the elevator for sale, and any number of other things. One of my fondest childhood memories is of sitting in the back of the wheat truck when the combine would come up beside it and dump wheat all over us and bury us. That’s good stuff!

We would chew the wheat for “gum” while we worked hard in the fields at my grandparent’s house during harvest time. After all the wheat was cut, we would go back and cut straw from the stems that were left in the ground.

Farming wheat is in my blood. These fun memories were at my grandparent’s house and they were some of the best times of my life.

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Growing wheat

My grandparents, great grandparents, and great-great grandparents were wheat farmer’s by trade and my uncle and cousin still farm wheat today. It’s an important part of my history. My Mom’s Grandfather ran in the Oklahoma Land Run with his parents to get their family land.

I was raised in the city, but the memories of what went on at the farm always cried out to me in the back of my mind. The cows, horses, sheep, goats, chickens, grandma’s big ole garden, and the wheat and alfalfa grandpa grew are part of my upbringing and are part of who I am today.

My mom is a smart woman and has so many skills from her time growing up on that farm, it’s amazing. She has talents and abilities as do her brothers and sisters that would amaze you.

(Video) How to Grow Wheat | Seed to Harvest

How to grow flour

You can actually grow flour. Flour is ground from wheat berries and wheat berries can grow in your home garden. We have grown it and ground it and made bread from what we grew.

I make all the bread I feed my kids from scratch and I make it from freshly ground flour. I use local, top quality wheat berries to make my flour so my kids get the very best I can give them. Here is the grain mill I use to grind my wheat berries into flour.

Many people talk about gluten intolerance and grain free food, especially gluten free, but I really feel that what makes a lot of people sick and tired is not the gluten or the wheat itself, but the massive amounts of chemicals in the bread products that wheat is made into and you have a recipe for some pretty serious diseases and illnesses.

I’m not sure it’s the gluten for all people, although I KNOW it is for some. I think much of it is the process we’ve done to the wheat.

Growing wheat at home

I wanted to show my kids where those wheat berries come from. Although I don’t plan to grow all of our wheat as cleaning it is quite a chore that we don’t have the equipment for, I wanted to grow some wheat to show them the source of those beautiful golden nuggets of flavor.

Any post on this blog may contain affiliate links that pay me a very small commission for items you purchase using the links but costs you nothing extra.

We took some of our wheat berries we grind for flour and planted them back in November. Previously, I tried to grow wheat with the kids, but I didn’t remember that you grow it throughout the winter here in Oklahoma (no natural instincts for growing), so I talked to my cousin Joe about what could have gone wrong.

How to plant wheat

He said to have your wheat in the ground by November 30th. This is called winter wheat and it’s the only wheat you can grow in Oklahoma. It’s too hot here for anything else.

Winter wheat or hard wheat is good for making bread or other products that are made with yeast, spring wheat or soft wheat is good for pancakes, muffins, and things that don’t contain yeast.

(Video) Growing and using wheat at home

Last year, we met that goal and watched our tiny wheatgrass grow throughout the winter a tiny bit at a time. Once the days started getting longer, our wheat took off and now it’s making seed heads.

Our rows aren’t straight like on the farm, but we are farming this wheat nonetheless. We have a 3 x 10 bed of it growing and will harvest it when it turns golden and the seeds will shake out of it. I’ll come back and update the blog when that happens.

Steps to grow wheat:

Find your wheat berry seeds. Research what type of wheat will grow in your area and when it needs to be planted. If you are in or around Oklahoma get winter wheat in the ground by the end of November.

Prepare your soil and make a trench about 2- 2 ½ inches deep. If you have a huge area to cover, you can broadcast your wheat seeds and then til them into the ground to about 2 inches. If you are planting spring wheat, you will need to plant it around 1 inch deep instead. Cover the seeds with dirt and pat down the earth gently to remove any air pockets.

Water weekly until grain stalks and heads begin to turn golden and heads droop toward the ground.

Check your mature grain weekly. Shake a few seeds out of the head and taste them. If they are doughy, they are not ready. If they are firm and you can chew them for a while without them disintegrating, they are ready. Remember the “wheat gum”?

Store them for a few weeks in a dry place until they are ready to clean. They will be dry and won’t dent with your fingernail when ready.

Beat the heads on the inside of a trash can until all of the seeds fall out of the heads. Then winnow the seeds by pouring them from one container to another in the breeze or in front of a fan until all the chaff blows out of the seeds. Get them as clean as possible before use.

Store them in an airtight container so moisture or bugs won’t be able to reach them.

How to grow your own wheat

(Video) How To Make Your Own Flour At Home

I can’t wait to see how excited the kids are and how much they learn when we harvest our little wheat patch. We’ll grind it up into flour to make bread. What a wonderful learning experience for them that will stimulate all of their senses.

Sensory learning for kids

Sensory experiences are the best way for kids birth to three to learn, and can you think of anything else that smells as good as homemade bread coming out of the oven? It can carry you away.

How to grow:

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How do you make wheat flour? ›

Wheat flour is made by taking the wheat berry, removing the bran or outer shell and grinding the seed into a flour-like consistency. This type of flour is called refined or white flour. Whole wheat flour is made by grinding all of the whole wheat berry, including the bran and seed.

How do you make a wheat Garden? ›

Spring wheat can be planted while the soil is still cool. Broadcast seed into cultivated soil so that the seeds are about 3 inches (7 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep. No thinning is required. Increase spacing to 8 inches (20cm) apart when growing wheat with other cover crops.

How easy is growing wheat? ›

If you try, you will discover wheat is easy to grow almost anywhere in the United States, even as a wide-row crop in your garden. One gardener in Vermont attests to having planted 30 pounds of winter wheat on one-eighth of an acre and harvesting 250 pounds of grain in July.

Can you grow your own wheat for flour? ›

It is very possible to grow your own wheat. It seems like a daunting task given the specialized equipment and large farms that commercial wheat farmers utilize, but the fact is that there are a couple of fallacies regarding growing wheat yourself that have turned even the most die-hard gardener from the idea.

How flour is made step by step? ›

Baked Bread: how flour is made - YouTube

How long does wheat take to grow? ›

Wheat takes about 4 months to mature, but when it comes to making a decision about the right time to harvest it, the farmer has to know when the crop is at a premium. If the weather has been dry and hot the 'finish' will be quicker. Mature wheat is ready to harvest.

How do you grow and harvest wheat by hand? ›

How to Grow Wheat | Seed to Harvest - YouTube

Where does wheat grow the best? ›

Durum wheat, which is primarily grown in North Dakota and Montana, is known for their excellent qualities for producing pasta. The wheat class everyone knows from their.
Leading wheat producing U.S. states in 2020 and 2021 (in 1,000 bushels)
North Dakota312,587196,195
8 more rows

Does wheat need a lot of water? ›

Because wheat is generally a cool season crop, it does not require much water. Wheat needs between 12 and 15 inches of rain over a growing season to produce a good crop.

When should you plant wheat? ›

Winter wheat is planted in the fall and harvested in the summer. It needs a good root system and the beginnings of shoots before cold weather sets in. Spring wheat is planted in early spring, as soon as possible, and harvested in late summer.

How do you grind wheat into flour by hand? ›

How to Grind Wheat Into Flour At Home | Ultimate FOOD Storage for ...

What are the ingredients used in making flour? ›

Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains, roots, beans, nuts, or seeds. Flours are used to make many different foods. Cereal flour, particularly wheat flour, is the main ingredient of bread, which is a staple food for many cultures.

How long wheat lasts? ›

Similar to corn, the shelf life of wheat is about 8-12 years when stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place. It is still important to regularly check your storage space and containers to monitor the quality of the wheat and to be sure it hasn't spoiled or been invaded by pests.

How do you dry wheat at home? ›

Wheat Berries: Soaking, Drying, and More - YouTube

Is plain flour and wheat flour the same? ›

One key difference between whole wheat flour and plain white flour is the fibre content. Whole wheat flour naturally contains the level of fibre found in wheat. Plain white flour on the other hand, has been stripped away of all of the fibre in wheat during the white flour production process.

Is wheat flour and whole wheat flour the same? ›

Whole wheat flour vs wheat flour: Key differences

Whole wheat flour is obtained by grinding the entire wheat kernel. Nothing is removed from the wheat and the final product thus obtained has a grainy texture with all the nutrients intact. It is relatively healthier as compared to regular wheat flour.

What is wheat flour? ›

Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. Wheat varieties are called "soft" or "weak" if gluten content is low, and are called "hard" or "strong" if they have high gluten content.


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